Three European exploration and colonization motivations in the New World are widely known by historians, namely god, gold, and glory, which allowed various European countries to achieve a world level of power between 1400 and 1750. What is the Gold Glory Of God?
- God-means the will to propagate Christianity and to extend it.
- Gold-means the achievement of more plentiful riches of gold, silver, and other priceless stones.
- Glory– refers to the monarchy’s competitiveness.
This summed up the attempts to spread the colonization between Lueso and Spain and indicates that Portugal and Spain sought to increase their territory and influence abroad so that they could spread the Christian religion, boost their reputation in Europe, and take a quick step to the side of it.
Some kings tried to consolidate their place in Europe’s policies and increase their influence at the expense of the landowner’s aristocracy in the newly contracted territories.
They also adopted the philosophy of mercantilism, in which governments and large private corporations cooperated to maximize the prosperity of the state by growing precious metal reserves. Motivated by these three ambitions, several Western Europeans gained power or influence over increasing parts of the globe during the early modern period. By 1914, Europeans had politically and economically controlled much of the world.
The Cruises: Heightened Intolerance of Faith and Heavy Religious Conversion:
In 622, Christianity was faced with a new challenge. Mohammed believed he was given a revelation near Mecca in Saudi Arabia that was a cornerstone of the Islamic faith. The Koran, which includes Muhammad’s revelations, described Jesus Christ as a prophet, not as God. In the Middle East and Europe, before 732, Islam spread.
The Crusades offered the Reconquista religious philosophy that, in turn, influenced the Atlantic colonization. The reconquest relates to 800 years of bloodshed and the expulsion from the Iberian Peninsula of Muslims following the failed cruises. Christians regarded colonization as a way of continuing religious conquests, and the Crusades and Reconquista strengthened religious intolerance. Religious zeal has driven the rulers to convert Americans and hallow Christian world domination, particularly in Spain and Portugal’s strongly Catholic nations.
The Golden Attraction: New Trading Routes to the East:
The maritime trade between East and West increased significantly, amid the consequent religious polarization. The demand for these goods created new markets for the dealers as cruisers enjoyed the sense of silk, the taste of spices, and Porcelain.
As merchants came to impact Late-Medieval Western Europe, they persuaded their governments, leading to the first European exploration voyages in the 1400s, to establish direct ties with the profitable Asian trade. God refers to radical Christianity’s crucifixion and missionary traditions, marked in part by Islamic competition and non-Christian faith hate. “Glory” refers to the monarchy’s competitiveness.
The Portuguese and the Spanish were pioneers in the new overseas expeditions era because they have a favorable geographical position facing the Atlantic and northern Africa.
The desire to circumvent the supremacy of the Venetian Afro-Asian trade in Europe also inspired them. The Portuguese, Spanish, and other Europeans were constructing better ships to sail the Atlantic rough, mixing the Arab and Chinese innovations and local inventions, learning how to place guns on ships, thus improving their maritime benefit. The Spanish and the Portuguese were now able to capture or control vast territories in America, Africa, and Asia, whose inhabitants had no guns, using artillery, naval cannons, and muskets. By the late 1500s, the British built the most mobile ships and the strongest iron gun. In the 1700s, European land and sea arms outstripped China, India, Persia, and Ottoman Turkey, which had once been military-powerful.
The intense rivalry between major European powers has resulted in increased exploration, trading networks, and colonial scramble—subject territories where Europeans have dominated economic production and trade and are directly controlled.
The Portuguese started to directly contact the people of western and central coastal Africa in the late 1400s. By 1500 Portuguese explorers had reached the Indian Ocean to reach East Africa and sail to India in a discovery age. Soon several large Asian ports were confiscated. In between, Christopher Columbus, Spanish fleets led by the Genoese sailor, found a large mass of land in the west, soon called the United States, lying between Europe and Eastern Asia.
Columbus hoped to find the path by sea to China’s silk- and spice-rich lands and bring Christianity to those faraway lands. Both Portuguese and Spanish assured the Pope that the “heathen” people they met would be evangelized and colonized.
In simpler terms, it can be said that,
- During that time, God and faith were also common reasons for exploration. With Europe Christianized, people wanted the Gospel to be spread to the rest of the world, and Europeans have always considered it a positive thing to spread Christianity. Subsequently, colonialism will become a race to turn indigenous people into a certain Christian brand. Religion was also an excuse that allowed Kingdoms to engage in the slave trade to enslave or abuse non-Christians.
- Gold is what first led in the first place to explore. The principle of Mercantilism is that there are only a lot of riches on earth and that you must have more gold and richness than other kingdoms to make your kingdom powerful.
- In Europe, Glory was quite a new idea. It was really the Renaissance vision of Humanism and its emphasis on personal success. Kings and queens sought fame for their kingdom, and it became more likely for them to be recognized for their acts by inventing the printing press.
- In the pursuit of gold, gold, and glory, Europeans gradually integrated diverse cultures in economic and political spheres and laid the foundations of Western world control. With a dramatic economic, intellectual and political transition, West Europeans left behind much of their medieval values and institutions and implemented even greater changes across the world between 1750 and 1914, including capitalism and industrialization.