Are you excited to read the topic Pioneers Of Jewelry
The art of jewelry making which can be dated back to 5000 BC was initially revolving around gold. It was in ancient Greece along with gold a serious presence of precious stones can be dated. Roman Empire used Sapphires, emeralds, and amber in jewelry. The 19th century brought back the old fascination with extravagant jewelry and it became a necessity for the elite and noble class people.
This growing jewelry market and people’s craving for precious gemstones were wisely utilized by many jewelers, who later grew into well-known institutions and most of them still exist to ripe the fruit of this market. Swarovski, Tiffany & Co., Cartier, Harry Winston Inc., and Van Cleef & Arpels are some prominent ones among them.
One of the prominent producers of finest crystal jewelry, Swarovski, was founded in 1859 by Daniel Swarovski and Armand Kosman. The Austria-based company currently has a net revenue of €2.7 Billion. Swarovski, even though they’re the producer of glass, they’re well known for their unique crystals and Jewellery collections, including gemstones.
Swarovski became a prominent jewelry producer when they decided to create man-made crystals – using glass, rather than naturally made. They introduced Lead Glass Crystals which are less than diamond but far better than natural crystals with extra sparkle and clarity. These crystals are produced with a secret patented method, using Quartz, sand, and minerals. 32% lead and their patented machine cutting, precision cutting, which will give up to 100 facets to the crystal, provides a higher refraction rate, similar to diamond, and lead glass Crystals shine like diamonds.
Tiffany & Co.
New York-based luxury jewelry brand, popularly known as Tiffany’s, was founded in 1837, by Charles Lewis Tiffany and John B Young. Tiffany’s who are specialized in Diamond, jewelry, sterling silver, and crystals, currently have a net revenue of $4.44 billion and 326 stores all over the world.
The signature work of Tiffany’s made them world-famous as the “Tiffany Engagement Ring”. They introduced a new way of mounting gemstones in the metal ring band, in 1886. They began to arrange the round cut diamond in a six-pong, which will lift the stone above the band, into the light. A solitaire, single diamond, prong setting ring became a huge success and now Tiffany’s engagement ring is the symbol of engagement itself.
Cartier international SNC is a conglomerate and leading manufacturer of jewelry and watches. Louis François Cartier founded this company in Paris in 1847, which currently has a net revenue of $6.1 billion and 200 stores in 125 countries. They excel in diamond, crystal, and gemstone jewelry. Cartier had well-known royal customers including the kings of Spain, Portugal, Serbia, Russia, and Britain.
It was the Indian-inspired Tutti-Frutti jewelry that becomes a symbol of Cartier and is still known as Cartier Tutti-Frutti. They used the Indian stone carving technique and began to make stone carving bib necklaces and brooches studded with carved Rubis, Emerald, and Sapphires. They began to appear in natural motifs like leaves, fruits, etc. This was instead of the white diamond heavy jewelry. It was Cartier who first used platinum in jewelry, which was till then used only in royal cutlery. King Edward VII of Great Britain mentioned Cartier as the “Jeweller of kings and the king of jewelers”. There was this slogan “Les must de Cartier” which means “Cartier, it’s a must!”.
Harry Winston, Inc.
1932 founded company Harry Winston Inc. is named after the founder itself, Mr. Harry Winston. This New York-based company is specialized in jewelry and watchmaking. They are well known for their collection of a wide range of colored natural gemstones, varying from pink, blue to yellow, which are so rare to happen in nature. Because of this, Mr. Harry Winston was known as the “King of diamonds” by the cosmopolitan magazine.
The factor that remains as the symbol of Harry Winston Inc. is their signature technique of gem-setting – “clustering”. Since the 1940s they’re using this technique in which pearl-shaped and Marquise cut diamonds are placed using prong setting in minimal metal and that too in varying angles. This will make the small stones a single big stone or even smaller ones would appear big. An example of this is the Wreath Necklace.
Another distinguishing factor is their handling of several precious and historic diamonds and colored gemstones. Harry Winston’s gemstone collection includes the iconic Hope diamond, Indore Pears diamond, Catherine the great Sapphire, The Jonker I diamond, Burmese Ruby, The Winston diamond, and so on.
Van Cleef & Arpels
Paris based 1896 founded Van Cleef & Arpels are specialists in the field of jewelry, watches, and perfumes. Alfred Van Cleef and Salomon Arpels founded jewelry had opportunities to contribute to many royal jewelry collections including the crown of empress Farah Pahlavi and queen Nazli of Egypt.
“Serti Mysterieux” also known as “mystery setting” is the signature work of Van Cleef & Arpels. It was an innovative patented way of setting gems in a jewelry piece by placing them in thin gold rails of 0.2 mm thick which will create an allusion of colorful gems suspended freely in ornate shapes. These gems together mask the gold rail underneath. This method was introduced in the year 1933. Another masterpiece of Van Cleef & Arpels is Alhambra Necklace introduced in 1968. It is motif-like pendants and figures of four-leaf Clover.
Currently, there are many pioneers in the field of jewelry production. Each brand had one way or the other marked itself in history with at least one of its innovations. Whether it’s innovative jewelry designs or gem settings or gem collections most of them had made it to the world market. Some of such exceptional jewelers are Swarovski, Tiffany & Co., Cartier, Harry Winston Inc., Van Cleef & Arpels, and so on. This list goes on with many more prominent names such as Pandora, Graff, Chopard, Bulgari, Mejuri, etc.